By Philip P. Arnold
How do humans meaningfully occupy the land? In sixteenth-century Mexico, Aztec and Spanish understandings of land shaped the foundation in their cultural identities. Their specified conceptions of land additionally confirmed the disturbing personality of cultural touch. As Philip P. Arnold keeps in consuming panorama, principal to Aztec meanings of land have been ceremonies to Tlaloc, god of rain, fertility, and earth. those ceremonies incorporated baby sacrifices for rain and corn, priestly auto-sacrifices at lakes, mountain veneration, and ancestor worship. What unifies those ceremonies, contends Arnold, is the Aztec knowing of meals. through feeding deities of the land, humans may devour. Seeing the valley of Mexico as Tlalocan (the position of Tlaloc) and characterizing it as an "eating panorama" illustrates an Aztec mode of occupying land. even as, Arnold demonstrates that the very texts that open a window on Tlaloc ceremonies have been created by way of Spanish missionaries. quite very important used to be Sahagn's Florentine Codex, which--as used to be the case with the paintings of alternative ethnographers--was meant to ruin Aztec ceremonies by way of exposing them via writing. utilizing texts to bare a pre-Columbian prior, for this reason, is challenging. Arnold for this reason indicates an alternate analyzing of the texts as regards to the cloth atmosphere of the Valley of Mexico. through connecting ceremonies to express water classes, mountains, crops, and animals, Arnold finds a extra encompassing photograph of Aztec ceremonies, revealing the space among indigenous and colonial understandings of land. Indigenous concepts of occupying land in Mexico taken with ceremonies which addressed the cloth stipulations of existence, whereas colonial concepts of occupying land headquartered round books and different written fabrics equivalent to Biblical and classical texts, ethnographies, and criminal records. those specific methods of occupying Tlalocan, concludes Arnold, had dramatic outcomes for the formation of the Americas. Filling a spot within the insurance of Aztec cosmology, consuming panorama brings hermeneutics to archaeology and linguistic research in new ways in which might be of curiosity to historians of faith and archaeologists alike.